Jan 30, 2011

History of Mughals in Pakistan: Cast History In Pakistan

History of Mughals in Pakistan

History of Mughals in Pakistan

In Pakistan, Mughal communities are found in Sindh and Punjab provinces.

 In Punjab

The Mughal (Mistry) are considered directly descended from the Mughal dynasty that ruled India. During the fall of the Mughal empire most of the Mughals that survived were forced to flee, leaving their land and wealth behind. They escaped into the mountains of Kashmir and gradually settled in (Azaad Kashmir - Pakistan). With their love for Architecture, they took to work as builders (Mistry). Others took to metal work (Lohar) and Carpentry (Tarkhan)Tarkhan Dynasty.They are known to have replaced the tribal tradition and opted for the Indian caste system similar to tribal law. Mughals in Mirpur are skilled builders, skilled carpenters (Tarkhan)Tarkhan and skilled black smiths (Lohars)but are not confined to this. Mughals have superb artistic and creative skills and are regarded as the highest caste in the artisan classes. Their skills can be seen in the mosques and buildings that have been built by them. The region of Punjab is also home to a large number of Mughal communities. Historically, they were found in the largest numbers in and around the city of Delhi, and the Rawalpindi Division. The Mughal of the Rawalpindi Division belong to local agricultural tribes locally known by their tribal names, such as the Satti, Gheba, Phaphra and kassar tribes of the Barlas Mughals and Chughtai are also found in the Punjab  In addition to these agriculture tribes, members of the Lohar community found in the Punjab also claim Mughal ancestry.A brief description of the major tribal groupings in Punjab that claim Mughal ancestry follows.

Several tribal groupings in the Pothohar region of Punjab, Pakistan claim Mughal ancestry. One such tribe are the Phaphra. They occupy a compact area of about 25 square miles (65 km2) at the foot of the Salt Range, east of Pind Dadan Khan in Jhelum District in Pakistan.

The tribe claims to be Mughals, but British ethnographers writing at the beginning of the 20th century expressed doubts.  According to their tradition, the tribe came from the direction of Faridkot in Punjab, and settled in the district as traders and agriculturists. The tribe claims descent from a Phaphra who settled in the district in the 15th century.


The Gheba are another tribe from the Pothohar region, being one of the principal tribes of the Attock District. They are found mainly in Fateh Jang Tehsil of Attock and claim descent from Gheba khan, who was said to be a Barlas Mughal.


The Khamb is another tribe claiming to be Mughal, and found mainly in the Pothohar region of northern Punjab. According to their traditions, the ancestors of the Khamb arrived from Kathiawar, in what is now the modern state of Gujerat in India.

The Khamb were settled in their present abode by a Hashmat Khan, a chief of the Thathal tribe, who are natives of the Pothohar region. This Hashmat Khan was appointed as a garrison commander of Khambhat in Kathiawar by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. When Hashmat returned to the Pothohar region of Pakistan, he was accompanied by members of the garrison at Khambait. These troops were of a mixed origin and included troopers of Mongol and Afghan origin from Badakshan. He ordered that a village be built and named it Khanpur, and the Khamb tribe was granted land in and around the new town.

The Khamb, being of at least partly Turkic extraction are now considered to be a clan of the Mughal tribe. Local tradition makes the Moghul tribe to be called Barlas. At present they live in Khambi Kaleechpur and Khanpur in the Gujrat district of Punjab.


The Kassar are a Mughal tribe and one of the three major land-owning tribes in the Dhani country of Chakwal District in Punjab province, Pakistan. They occupy the northern part of Dhani, called Babial and Chaupeda. According to the Jhelum District settlement report of 1862, they are mentioned as having come from Jammu along with the Mair-Minhas tribe and been settled in this area by the Mughal Emperor, Zaheerudin Babur. According to their traditions, they claim descent from a kinsmen of the Emperor Babur, Kassar. He was said to be a distant cousin of Babur. In addition to Chakwal, they are also found in Sargodha, Jhelum, Attock, Khoshab, Rawalpindi, Tehsil Sohawa, Badin (Sindh), Larkana (Sindh), Muzafar Abad (Kashmir), Ponch (Kashmir), Cakothi(Kashmir).


The Jandran are a tribe of Mughal status, found mainly Jhang, Khanewal, Vehari, Lodhran and Sargodha districts of Punjab.
 Turk Mughal

In Punjab, the term Turk refers to any inhabitant of Central Asia, or Turkestan, as the region was historically known. The Turks of the Punjab region include the Karlugh Turks of the Hazara Division, who were settled in the region by Timur. These Karlugh Turks resumed the title of "Raja" by which locals used to call them during their rule of Pakhli state, while some Turk clans use "Usmani" as their surname, probably due to their Turkish origin. In addition to these Turks, there was also a colony of Turks settled in Gurdaspur District who were once said to be ropemakers. They claim descent from Turk soldiers settled in Gurdaspur District by the Khilji sultans. These Turks are now settled in and around the city of Faisalabad.

 Other clans

* Baig Mughal

* Mirza Mughal

* Ginhal Mughal

* Bandey Mughal

* Mir Mughal

* Mangval Mughal

* Langryal Mughal

* Bich Mughal

* Gani Mughal

* Ashaie Mughal

* Bub Mughal

* Ganju Gharhi Mughal

* Batlla Mughal

* Babri Mughal

* Salour Mughal

* Pathan Mughal

* Numbeli Mughal (tribe of murree)

* Manjotha Mughal

* Marrar Mughal Barlas

* Mughalzai

* Mughal khel

* Mangal

* orya khel

* Mughal Lal Khail

* Tanoli [Tanoli consider themselves to descend from one Amir Khan, a Barlas Mughal]

 In Sindh

In Sindh, two Mughal dynasties, the Arghun and Tarkhan, held power for a short periods in the 16th Century. Most of the Sindhi Mughals are descended from Central Asian immigrants who settled in the province during the rule of these two dynasties, these two dynasties were later subdued by Babur. Many Sindhi Mughal's also claim to have arrived in the region during the rebellion of Sher Shah Suri against the Mughal heir-apparent Humayun, in fact many Mughal's settled in Umarkot, and young Akbar was born there. in Sindh the Mughals ruled with the assistance of the Kalhora tribe. Among the famous Mughal administrators of Sindh was Mirza Ghazi Beg, during his rule many Sindhi's entered the service of the Mughal Emperors.

A small number of Qazilbash tribesmen settled in Sindh in the 18th Century. A small number of Mughal families are descended from Georgian immigrants, such as the family of Mirza Qilich Beg, the famous Sindhi, who came to during the invasion of Nadir Shah and flourished during the rule of Talpurs. The Sindh Mughals are Sunni, and now entirely speak Sindhi.  Manzoor Mughal (D.I.G)Deputy inspector general of police investigations Karachi.Now present Director Intelligence Karachi.Ghulam Nabi Mughal,an eminent writer of sindhi language and retired Regional Director Food Deppt.(Govt.Sindh) ,belongs to Hyderabad since 1915-20.His family lineage revealed that they were first came into Nasrpur(Sindh,period approximately in the end of 17th century) from the region of kashmir.

 In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


In Hazara, the Mughals are found in all the Division, especially Haripur,Abbottabad,and Mansrhra.Tehsil Ghazi also have Mughals.First Settler was Ghazi Baig.

source : wikipedia

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History of Mughals in Pakistan



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