Jan 20, 2011

30 Things That Are Banned In Iran : Part 1(1 - 15 )

Iran is an Islamic country and here are the 30 things that are banned in Iran. Here is the list



Gay Sex

Valentine's Day

Spiked Hair

The DaVinci Code


Skinny Jeans



Pet Cats


Harry Potter

George Michael


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Right time to drink water when it affects better on body.

>> 1 glass after waking up in the morning, helps in activating internal organs.

>> 1 glass after taking bath, decreases blood pressure.

>> 2 glass before eating meal helps in digest system.

>> Half glass of water  before sleeping, helps to avoid heart attack and brain strokes.

Right time to drink water when it affects better on body.

Do you drink water at these times??

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History of Gujjar Cast : Cast History In Pakistan

History of Gujjar Cast : Cast History In Pakistan

The Gurjars (Sanskrit:  Gurjars a,, Gujar i: , گُرجر) or Gujjar ( Prakrit: , گجر) are an ethnic group in India, Afghanistan and Pakistan. Alternative spellings include Gurjars a, Gujar and Gujur.

While the origin of the Gujjars is uncertain, the Gurjars clan appeared in ancient northern India about the time of the Huna invasions of the region. In the 6th to 12th Century, they were primarily classed as Kshatriya and Brahmin, and many of them later converted to Islam during the Muslim rule in South Asia. Today, the Gujjars are classified under the Other Backward Classes (OBC) category in some states in India. The Hindu Gujjars today are assimilated into several varnas of Hinduism.

The origin of the Gujjars is uncertain. There are various references talking about their origin. Most of the Gurjars s claim descent from Suryavanshi Kshatriyas (Sun Dynasty) and connect themselves with Shri Ram Chandra. Historically, the Gurjars s were Sun-worshipers and are described as devoted to the feet of the Sun-god (God Surya).Their copper-plate grants bear an emblem of the Sun and on their seals too, this symbol is depicted. Also the Gurjars title of honor is Mihir which means Sun. Ancient Sanskrit Poet Rajasekhara in his plays styled Gurjars rulers as Raghu-kula-tilaka (Ornament of the race of Raghu), Raghu-gramani (the leader of the Raghus)and so forth.

In Ramayana, it is described that a war was fought among demons and gods.Gurjars s fought against demons under the leadership of King Dasharatha. There is also references of Gurjars widows in Yoga Vasistha, whose husbands laid down their lives in the battlefield, having their heads tonsured as a mark of their bravement. In Mahabharata war also Gurjars s fought and later on along with lord Krishna migrated from Mathura to Dwarka, Gujar at.

The Gurjars clan appeared in northern India about the time of the Huna invasions of northern India. Some scholars, such as V. A. Smith, believed that the Gurjars s were foreign immigrants, possibly a branch of Hephthalites ("White Huns"). Mr. Devadatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar (D. B. Bhandarkar) (1875–1950) believed that Gurjars s came into India with the Hunas, and the name was sanskritized to "Gurjars a". He also believed that several places in Central Asia, such as "Gurjistan", are named after the Gujar s and that the reminiscences of Gujar migration is preserved in these names. General Cunningham identified the Gurjars s with Yuezhi or Tocharians.

General Cunningham and A. H. Bingley consider the Gurjars s as descendants of Kushan/Yueh-chi or Tocharians of Indo-Scythian stock. In the past, Gurjars s have also been hypothesized to be descended from the nomadic Khazar tribes, although the history of Khazars shows an entirely different politico-cultural ethos In Gazetteer of Bombay Presidency, the British civil servant James M. Campbell identified Gujar s with Khazars. Scott Cameron Levi, in his The Indian Diaspora in Central Asia and its Trade, 1550-1900, mentions Kazar (Khazar, could also refer to Kassar) and Kujar (Gujar ) as two different tribes with links to Central Asia.

Some others claim that the Gurjars caste is related to the Chechens and the Georgians, and argue that Georgia was traditionally called "Gujar istan" (actually Gorjestan). However, there is little evidence for such claims. The word "Georgia" derived from the Arabic and Persian word Gurj, and not Gujjar or Gurjars .

A 2009 study conducted by Tribal Research and Cultural Foundation, under the supervision of Gurjars scholar Dr.Javaid Rahi, claimed that the word "Gujar " has a Central Asian Turkic origin, written in romanized Turkish as Göçer. Study claimed that according to the new research, the Gurjars race "remained one of the most vibrant identity of Central Asia in BC era and later ruled over many princely states in northern India for hundred of years".

According to Scholars such as Baijnath puri, Mount Abu (ancient Arbuda Mountain) region of present day Rajasthan had been abode of the Gurjars s during medieval period. The association of the Gurjars s with the mountain is noticed in many inscriptions and epigraphs including Tilakamanjari of Dhanpala. These Gurjars s migrated from Arbuda mountain region and as eatly as sixth century A.D, they set up one or more principalities in Rajasthan and Gujar at.Whole or a larger part of Rajasthan and Gujar at had been long known as Gurjars atra (country ruled or protected by the Gurjars s) or Gurjars abhumi (land of the Gurjars s) for centuries prior to Mughal period.

The sociologist G. S. Ghurye believes that the name Gujjar is derived from the principal profession followed by the tribe: cattle-breeding (the Sanskrit word for cow is gau and the old Hindi word for sheep is gadar).,[33] though "Gujjar" has come from "Gurjars " which is a sanskrit word which according to Sanskrit Dictionary (Shakabada1181), has been explained thus: Gur+jar; 'Gur' means 'enemy' and 'jar' means 'destroyer'. The word means "Destroyer of the enemy" . The word "Gurjars " predicts the qualities of a warrior community.

Gurjars rulers
According to some historical accounts, the kingdom with capital at Bhinmal (or Srimal) was established by the Gurjars s. A minor kingdom of Bharuch was the offshoot of this Kingdom. In 640-41 CE, the Chinese traveller Xuanzang (Hieun Tsang) described the kingdoms of Su-la-cha (identified with Saurashtra) and Kiu-che-lo (identified with Gurjars a) in his writings. He stated that the Gurjars as ruled a rich and populous kingdom with capital at Bhinmal (Pilo-mo-lo). According to his expositor, M. Vivien de St. Martin, Su-la-cha represents the modern Gujar at, and Kiu-che-lo (Gurjjara), "the country of the Gujar s", represents the region between Anhilwara and the Indus River, i.e. Sindh region.

Vincent Smith believed that the Pratihara dynasty, which ruled a large kingdom in northern India from the 6th to the 11th centuries, and has been mentioned as "Gurjars a-Pratiharas" in an inscription, was certainly of Gurjars a origin. Smith also stated that there is possibility of other Agnikula Kshatriya clans being of same origin. Dr. K. Jamanadas also states that the Pratihara clan descended from the Gurjars s, and this "raises a strong presumption that the other Rajput clans also are the descendants from the Gurjars as or the allied foreign immigrants". D. B. Bhandarkar also believed that Pratiharas were a clan of Gurjars s. In his book The Glory that was Gujar desh (1943), Gurjars writer K. M. Munshi stated that the Pratiharas, the Paramaras and the Solankis were imperial Gujjars .

According a number of scholars Chauhan was a prominent clan of Gurjars s.

H. A. Rose and Denzil Ibbetson stated that there is no conclusive proof that the Agnikula Rajput clans are of Gurjars a origin; they believed that there is possibility of the indigenous tribes adopting Gurjars a names, when their founders were enfiefed by Gurjars a rulers. Some other historians believe that although some sections of the Pratiharas (e.g. the one to which Mathanadeva belonged) were Gurjars s by caste, the Pratiharas of Kannauj were not Gurjars s and there was no Gurjars a empire in Northern India in 8th and 9th century., though from the work of other historians it has been known that Kannauj was capital of Gurjars a-Pratihara.

Historian Sir Jervoise Athelstane Baines also stated Gurjars s as forefathers of Sisodiyas, chauhan, Parmar, Parihar and Chalukya.

Chavdas, also known as Gurjars Chapas was also one of the ruling clans of Gurjars s, who extended the power of the race in the south.

The pratiharas belonged to the same clan that of Gurjars as was proved by the "Rajor inscription".From the phrase "Gurjars a Pratiharanvayah" inscribed in the "Rajor inscription".It is known that the Pratiharas belonged to the Gurjars a clan.The Rashtrakuta records and the Arabian chronicles also identify the Pariharas with Gurjars as.

Over the years, the Gurjars s were assimilated mainly into the castes of Kshatriya varna, although some Gurjars groups (such as Gaur Gurjars s of central India) are classified as Brahmins.During the Muslim rule, many of the Gurjars s converted to Islam. With the rise of Islam, Muslim Gujjars no longer adhered to their Kshatriya or Brahmin classification but retained clan names as a form of tribal recognition.Places such as Gujranwala, Gujar Khan, Gujar Kot, Gujrat in Pakistan and the state of Gujar at in India are a testament to the Gurjars influence in the past.

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History of Gujjar Cast : Cast History In Pakistan


Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry

Shingo Matsushita began his jewelry production in 2003 after having a career as hair and fashion stylist. Using crochet as the main method, he has also produced many jewelery pieces and art works using knitting. Without setting a specific

concept for each production, he focuses on color contrast and material combination in his intuition at different times to produce pieces every season.
Jewelry Styles, Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry

Jewelry Styles, Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry

Jewelry Styles, Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry

Jewelry Styles, Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry

Jewelry Styles, Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry

Jewelry Styles, Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry

Jewelry Styles, Shingo Matsushita Crochet Jewelry


Awsome Hijaab (Viel) Girls Portraits

 Found some hijabi street style pictures that I wanted to share with y’all
 They really do have an awesome hijab style. Here is the proof:
Click on any image to view full size image


A Brief History of Google

A Brief History of Google

Google began in 1996 as a project by Larry Page and Sergey Brin. Larry and Sergey were both studying at Stanford University California. In their research project they came up with a plan to make a search engine that ranked websites according to the number of other websites that linked to that site (and ultimately came up with the Google we have today). Before Google , search engines had ranked sites simply by the number of times the search term searched for appeared on the webpage, and the duo set out to make a more "aware" search engine.
The domain Google .com was registered on September 14th 1997 and Google Corporation was formed a year later in September 1998.
Google started selling advertisements with its keyword searches in 2000, and so Google Adwords/Adsense was born. These advertisements used a system based on the pretence that you only paid for your advertising if some clicked on your ad link – hence the term Pay Per Click (PPC) was born.
The term PageRank was patented in September 2001 – this term is actually named after co-founder Larry Page and not, as some think, named because it is the rank of a page (webpage).
Also in 2001 co-founder Larry Page stood down as the CEO of Google and former CEO of Novel. Eric Schmidt. was appointed as the new CEO of Google .
Google moved its offices to its large Google estate (nicknamed Google Plex) in Mountainview California in 2003, and is still based there today.
In 2004, Google launched its own free web-based email service, known as Gmail. This service was made to rival the free online mail services supplied by Yahoo and Microsoft (hotmail). This new free email service shook up the very foundation of free email with its enormous 1 GB of email storage which dwarfed its rivals' ten-fold.
In 2004 Google launched Google Earth. Google Earth is an amazing creation that is a map of the earth based on satellite imagery. This interactive globe of the world allows you to type in a search for any place in the world and you will automatically be taken to that part of the world. The cool part is that with Google Earth you can zoom right in to street level and actually see your own street and even your house!
An interesting fact in the history of Google is that in September 2005, Google made a new partnership with a very interesting company - NASA. This involved building a 1-million square foot research and development centre at NASA's Ames Research Center. This was interestingly followed a few months later by the launch of Google Mars and Google Moon: two Google maps style applications built on pictures of the moon and the planet Mars.
In 2006 Google launched Google Video. Google Video is a cool new search tool. As its title suggests Google video allows you to search the internet for videos. There are thousands of videos to make your search from; from personal homemade videos to TV shows made by the big television corporations.
In 2006 Google was added to the Oxford English dictionary as a verb – the verb "to Google " has become so popular that Google has even been worried that their brand name might lose their copyright and patent protections, and allow other companies to be able to legally use the Google brand in their own brand.
Today (Article written end of 2006) Google has a dominant controlling share of the search market. Google is the most widely used search engine on the internet with a 54% market share. Yahoo! Is Google 's closest rival with 23%,  less than half of Google 's share, and MSN even falls far short of Yahoo!, lagging far behind in 3rd place with a 13% market share. If these figures aren't impressive enough for Google , independent estimates say that more than 80% of search referrals come from Google - Google receives about a billion search requests per day – and with estimates that Google makes 12 cents for every search you perform, you can see that Google corporation is a very lucrative business!
With the many many applications and products that Google has
brought out, and the control it has over the internet it is
possible that Google will become a very very influential part
of all of lives in years to come.

A Brief History of Google-


KESC decides to fire more than 4000 employees

  Thursday, January 20, 2011
KARACHI: Karachi Electric Supply Company (KESC) has decided to fire more than 4000 employees under voluntary separation scheme (VSS).

According to KESC spokesman, administration has decided to shut non-management and non-technical departments in the company. These department included security guards, drivers, clerical staff, bill distributors and sentry workers among others.

The company offered its 4500 employees VSS, whose date of validation expired on January 15. 375 employees accepted the offer while rest of the sacked employees will be paid all their statutory dues along with one month's salary.

Talking to Geo News, Peoples Workers Union said that voice will be raised against forcible action taken by the administration.


Women want rich husbands

A new report suggests that gender equality may be a myth after all – it found that women today still want to 'marry up' – they want husbands who earn more than they do.

Catherine Hakim of the London School of Economics suggests men dominate the top positions because women simply do not want careers in business.

"Women's aspiration to marry up, if they can, to a man who is better-educated and higher-earning, persists in most European countries".

"Women thereby continue to use marriage as an alternative or supplement to their employment careers," she added.

"It is thus not surprising that wives generally earn less than their husbands, and that most couples rationally decide that it makes sense for her to take on the larger share of child care, and to use most or all the parental leave allowance," Hakim said.

Hakim also accused feminists of manufacturing 'political ammunition for a war that has ended'.

"Women today have more choices than men, including real choices between a focus on family work and/or paid employment. Despite this, many politicians and feminists appear disappointed with the slow pace of change in women's attainment of top jobs," Hakim said.

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Top 10 World’s Richest Persons 2010 – 2011

Richest Person in the World 2010

From the year 1995 to 2007 and again in the year 2009, Bill Gates, Chairman of the Microsoft company, had been the richest man in the world. But in the past year, he was pushed to the second position by the Chairman of Telmex, America Movil, Carlos Slim Helu, from Mexico. According to Forbes, since April 2010, Carlos Slim Helu is the richest person in the world, followed by Bill Gates.
List of Richest People in the World
1. Carlos Slim Helu (Telecom, Mexico)
Telecom tycoon who has done privatization of Mexico’s national telephone company in the 1990s becomes world’s richest person for first time after coming in third place last year. Carlos Slim Helu has the property of $53.5 billion.
Born in Mexico City in Mexico in the year 1940, Carlos Slim was the son of Julian Slim Haddad and Linda Helu. He was the youngest of his six siblings. He was an engineering student of National Autonomous University of Mexico and by the age of 26 years, due his correct speculations in the stock market and the real estate, his net worth was USD 40 million. Later on he went ahead to become the vice president of Mexican Stock Exchange and then the president of the Mexican Association of Brokerage Houses. He was also the first president of the Latin American Committee of New York Stock Exchange Administration Council and between the year 1996 to 1998, he bought the Mexican telephone company, TELMEX.
Here are some of his other achievements in brief.

  • Built a huge Mexican financial industrial conglomerate called the Grupo Carso which controlled some of the other companies like Mixup, Cigatam, Condumex, Sears Mexico, Sanborns and also the Grupo Hotelero Hostam. It also indirectly controlled the CompUSA which was an electronics retail chain.
  • He was also a part of the Board of Directors of the Altria Group and the Alcatel. He resigned from Altria Group in the year 2006. Presently he is the member of the Board of Directors for Philip Morris International.
  • In order to devote more time to the World Education and Development Fund, the richest man in the world, 2010, Carlos Slim Helu, resigned as a member of the Board of Directors of SBC Communications in the year 2004.
  • Now, he is the Chairman of Telefonos de Mexico, America Movil and Grupo Financiero Inbursa.
  • March 2010, Forbes Magazine declared Carlos Slim Helu to be the richest person in the world. He had an estimated wealth of USD 53.5 billion and he was declared to be wealthier than Bill Gates and he was also the first Mexican to be on the top of the list.
2. Bill Gates (Microsoft, U.S )
Software visionary is now the world’s second-richest man. Net worth still up $13 billion in a year as Microsoft shares rose 50% in 12 months, value of investment vehicle Cascade swelled.
3.Warren Buffett (Investments, U.S.)
America’s favorite investor up $10 billion in past 12 months on surging Berkshire Hathaway shares; says U.S. has survived economic "Pearl Harbor," but warns recovery will be slow.
4. Mukesh Ambani (Petrochemicals, oil and gas, India)
His Reliance Industries, already India’s most valuable company, recently bid $2 billion for 65% stake in troubled Canadian oil sands outfit Value Creations.
5. Lakshmi Mittal (Steel, India)
London’s richest resident oversees Arcelor Mittal, world’s largest steel maker. Net profits fell 75% in 2009.
6. Lawrence Ellison (Oracle, U.S. )
Oracle founder’s fortune continues to soar; shares up 70% in past 12 months. Database giant has bought 57 companies in the past five years.
7. Bernard Arnault (Luxury goods, France)
Bling is back, helping fashion icon grab title of richest European as shares of his luxury goods outfit LVMH–maker of Louis Vuitton, Moet & Chandon–surge 57%.
8. Eike Batista (Mining, oil. Brazil)
Vowing to become world’s richest man–and he may be on his way. This year’s biggest gainer added $19.5 billion to his personal balance sheet.
9. Amancio Ortega (Fashion retail, Spain)
Style maven lords over Inditex; fashion firm, which operates under several brand names including Zara, Massimo Dutti and Stradivarius, has 4,500 stores in 73 countries including new spots in Mexico and Syria.
10. Karl Albrecht (Supermarkets, Germany)
Owns discount supermarket giant Aldi Sud, one of Germany’s (and Europe’s) dominant grocers. Has 1,000 stores in U.S. across 29 states.

Richest Person in the World 2011,Top 10 World’s Richest Person in 2011,who is the richest person in the world

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